Contents

Through research, articles and photographs, historical and current events are presented about the area in and around the private mining town of Ryan Camp in Death Valley.

 This includes other historic properties such as Death Valley Junction and three nonprofit conservancies, Death Valley Conservancy, Death Valley Natural History Association and Amargosa Opera House Inc. that either own, manage or watch over historic properties or land and activities in this area of the desert.

 This project also explores the effect that Rio Tinto, an Australian-British multinational and one of the world’s largest metals and mining corporations has upon nonprofit conservancies and a national park.

Introduction

Chapter 1 – The early days of Borax and Ryan through 1931.

Chapter 2 – 1931 through 2007 activities in and around Ryan.

Oct. 25, 2017 – A revision and follow-up to Chapter 2 is being written.

Chapter 3 – Rio Tinto to donate Ryan Camp to the National Park Service.

Oct. 24, 2017 – A revision and follow-up to Chapter 3 is being written.

Chapter 4 –

Chapter 5 –

Chapter 6 –

Chapter 7 –

Chapter 8 –

Epilogue

Timeline of Current and Historical Events

Project Updates

Reference Documents and Articles

Photo Gallery

Map Gallery

Baby Gauge ore arriving from the widow Mine at Portal of Upper Biddy Tunnel - Courtesy National Park Service, Death Valley National Park

Baby Gauge ore arriving from the widow Mine at Portal of Upper Biddy Tunnel – Courtesy National Park Service, Death Valley National Park

Death Valley Junction Borax Plant and RR Bunkers - Courtesy National Park Service, Death Valley National Park

Death Valley Junction Borax Plant and Railroad Bunker 1920 – Courtesy National Park Service, Death Valley National Park