Timeline 2019 –

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Items listed below will be referenced in future chapters now in development.

Jan. 10, 2019 – Reuters “Donations keep Death Valley National Park partially open during shutdown”

Feb. 1, 2019 – The Trust for Public Land “2019 Priority Projects – Purchase Rio Tino land to be protected and enjoyed as part of Death Valley National Park”

March 11, 2019 – Mining Technology “Mining scandals:  four incidents that shook the industry”

March 18, 2019 – New York Law Journal “SEC Allowed to Pursue Fraud Claims Against Rio Tinto, Former Executives” and Reuters “U.S. judge says Rio Tinto must face SEC fraud case”

March 20, 2019 – Cryptocurrency News “Sodium Tetraborate Market to Hold a High Potential for Growth by 2027”

March 23, 2019 – Kim Stringfellow, The Mojave Project “Borax: The Magic Crystal”

April 10, 2019 – The Sydney Morning Herald “Rio Tinto and former execs file spirited defence of US fraud claims”

April 23, 2019 – Australian Financial Review “Rio Tinto maintains risible climate hypocrisy”

April 29, 2019 – Research report on ioneer, formerly Global Geoscience, discusses ioneer’s Rhyolite Ridge Lithium – Boron Project in Nevada, USA, which includes information on the future of lithium and boron mining and Rio Tinto.  Rodney Hooper – Independent Research Report ioneer LTD 2019

May 16, 2019 – Research report on ioneer, formerly Global Geoscience, discusses ioneer’s Rhyolite Ridge Lithium – Boron Project in Nevada, USA, which includes information on the future of lithium and boron mining and Rio Tinto.  Kurt Worden – Kerr Allan Financial Research ioneer Limited

June 4, 2019 – Australian Financial Review “Rio Tinto told to put Jadar lithium on backburner”

June 4, 2019 – The Sydney Morning Herald “US court victory for Rio Tinto as class action dismissed”

July 3, 2019 – Australian Financial Review “Consistency evades Rio Tinto (again)”

July 12, 2019 – The Australian “Rio Tinto linked to interest in Ioneer’s Nevada lithium undertakings”

July 18, 2019 – Australian Financial Review “Rio Tinto’s lament begins in earnest” and “Class action lawyers probe Rio’s Mongolian maelstrom”

July 19, 2019 – US Borax notice of intent to hold mining claims and mill sites. The document is signed by Nathan Francis, Land Manager for Rio Tinto Minerals (U.S. Borax). Francis is also an Advisory Member of the Death Valley Natural History Association.

Oct. 22, 2019 – Reuters “Rio Tinto targets lithium from waste rock”  –  Investor’s Business Daily “Rio to produce Lithium in California, Joining Electric Car Battery Race”   –  The Sydney Morning Herald “A ‘eureka moment’: Rio Tinto strikes lithium while looking for gold”

Oct. 23, 2019 – Lithium Investing News “What Does Rio Tinto’s ‘Eureka Moment’ Mean for Lithium”

Oct. 31, 2019 – Reuters “Rio Tinto pivots towards smaller finds with growth potential”

Nov. 3, 2019 – National Park Service, Death Valley National Park “20 Mule Team Reenactment Visits Death Valley”

Nov. 8, 2019 – Transform Magazine “Transform Awards North America 2019 celebrates outstanding work in rebranding and brand strategy” with US Borax, Rio Tinto and Refactored winning the Silver award for best rebrand of a digital property. Refactored “U.S. Borax Storytelling Engages Global Value. A full site redesign centers around the importance and omnipresence of mineral products.” Refactored “Full Case Study”

Nov. 8, 2019 – American Borate Company donates 144 acres of land including patented lode mining claims known as Jon #1, Jon #2, Jon #3, Jon #4, Jon #5, Jon #6, Jon #7 and Jon #9, to The California Desert Land Conservancy, a California nonprofit public benefit corporation, doing business as Mojave Desert Land Trust. View donation Grant Deed.

Nov. 13, 2019 – The Death Valley Conservancy 2018 Internal Revenue Service, Form 990, Return of Organization Exempt from Income Tax, indicates a net asset or fund balance of $23,396,625.

Jan. 27, 2020Joint Death Valley National Park and Death Valley Conservancy Meeting

Feb. 19, 2020 – San Jose State University Field Studies in Natural History announces, “Death Valley 2020.” Since 2011 when San Jose State University Field Studies in Natural History moved from Ryan Camp to their new home at Death Valley Natural History Association’s Cow Creek facility, they have continued to make upgrades and improvements to better serve students and participants. “Cow Creek Improvements Campaign”

March 4, 2020 – Antelope Valley Press “Boron mine waste may yield Lithium”

March 11, 2020 – Mojave Desert News “Mining past, present and future”

March 21, 2020 – Death Valley National Park, in response to Executive Order N-33-20 issued by the Governor of the State of California and the latest guidance from the Centers for Disease Control & Prevention (CDC), is announcing additional modifications to operations to support federal, state, and local efforts to slow the spread of the novel coronavirus (COVID-19).

March 31, 2020 – Amargosa Hotel, Café and Opera House cancel performances and close due to the severe impact of COVID-19 on the economy.

March 31, 2020 – Human Rights Law Center “After the Mine – Living with Rio Tinto’s Deadly Legacy” and The Guardian “Rio Tinto accused of violating human rights in Bougainville for not cleaning up Panguana mine”

March 31, 2020 – Front Line Whistleblower News “Rio Tinto Whistleblower Files Complaint with U.S. Regulators” and Australian Financial Review “Rio Tinto manager takes Mongolia disclosure claims to ASIC”

April 3, 2020 – Mining “Rio declares force majeure at Kennecott after quake”

May 11, 2020 – Amargosa Opera House Inc. requests donations to avoid a permanent closure. (PDF copy.)

May 26, 2020 – The Guardian “Rio Tinto blasts 46,000-year-old Aboriginal site to expand iron ore mine”

May 29, 2020 – ABC News “Rio Tinto blasting of 46,000-year-old Aboriginal sites compared to Islamic State’s destruction in Palmyra” and The Guardian “Juukan Gorge: Rio Tinto blasting of Aboriginal site prompts calls to change antiquated laws”

May 31, 2020 – BBC News “Mining firm Rio Tinto sorry for destroying Aboriginal caves”

June 2, 2020 – The Sydney Morning Herald “‘Wasted opportunity’: US heritage expert slams Rio Tinto’s sacred site blast”

June 3, 2020 – Mining Technology “Anthropologists slam Rio Tinto for destroying ancient Aboriginal site”

June 4, 2020 – The Guardian “Rio Tinto blames ‘misunderstanding’ for destruction of 46,000-year-old Aboriginal site”

June 5, 2020 – ABC News “Report reveals Rio Tinto knew the significance of 46,000-year-old rock caves six years before it blasted them”(PDF copy) and “Executive Summary of Key Archaeological Assessments Juukan Gorge, Puutu Kunti Kurrama and Pinikura, WA 2004-2014”

June 9, 2020 – The Guardian “Reconciliation Australia ends partnership with Rio Tinto over destroyed heritage site” and Reconciliation Australia “Statement on Rio Tinto”

June 12, 2020 – Bloomberg “Is a 46,000-Year-Old Site Less Sacred Than Profits?”

June 15, 2020 – Australian Financial Review “Secret recording: Rio Tinto ‘not sorry’ for cave blast”   (PDF copy)

June 19, 2020 – Mining Technology “Rio Tinto to release Aboriginal heritage review after site destruction”

July 9, 2020 – National Indigenous Times “Aboriginal organisations urge Corporate Human Rights Benchmark to strip Rio Tinto’s high-ranking human rights status in open letter”;  Corporate Human Rights Benchmark (CHRB) and the World Benchmarking Alliance (WBA) Statement “CHRB response to the destruction of a 46,000-year-old Aboriginal heritage site by Rio Tinto at Juukan Gorge in Western Australia on 24 May 2020”;  Australian Financial Review “Rio Tinto has come full circle”

July 14, 2020 – Australian Financial Review “Rio Tinto’s Aboriginal desecration shows folly of rote ESG”

July 22, 2020 – Australian Financial Review “Marcia Langton eviscerates Rio Tinto”

July 24, 2020 – The Sydney Morning Herald Exclusive “‘Gutted’: Former Rio Tinto VP says blast threatens decades of progress”

July 27, 2020 – Australian Financial Review “Rio Tinto board ignored report of ‘unethical behaviour'”

July 28, 2020 – Australian Financial Review “Rio Tinto’s detonation of trust adds up” and “Former Rio executive cites likely reasons behind blast blunder”. Investor Daily “Rio Tinto’s ESG report card is a colossal ‘fail’”

July 28, 2020 – Mining “Rio Tinto in discussions with the UK’s Serious Fraud Office over Simandou probe”

Aug 4, 2020 – Reuters “Rio Tinto apologises for failures in Australian cave blast inquiry”

Aug. 5, 2020 – The Market Herald “Rio Tinto to face Inquiry Committee for blasting Juukan Gorge rock shelters”

Aug. 7, 2020 – The Sydney Morning Herald “Rio Tinto blasted ancient Aboriginal caves for $135m of iron ore” and the Australian Financial Review “Rio Tinto’s JS Jacques still blaming everyone else”

Aug. 7, 2020US Borax notice of intent to hold mining claims and mill sites. The document is signed by Nathan Francis, Land Manager for Rio Tinto Minerals (U.S. Borax). Francis is also the Vice-Chair of the Death Valley Natural History Association.

Aug. 10, 2020 – Steel Guru “Rio Tinto Admits Fact Hiding in Blasting Ancient Aboriginal Caves Jukkan Gorge”

Aug. 24, 2020 – The Sydney Morning Herald “Rio Tinto slashes bonuses over 46,000-year-old cave blast disaster”

Aug. 24, 2020 – The Guardian “Major investment firm dumps Exxon, Chevron and Rio Tinto stock. Storebrand says corporate lobbying to undermine climate solutions is ‘unacceptable’”

Sept. 6, 2020 – Reuters “U.S. SEC to examine Rio Tinto whistleblower claims over Oyu Tolgoi” and Financial Times “US regulator examines Rio Tinto whistleblower claims over Oyu Tolgoi – Ex-employee alleges miner knew of problems at copper project months before it confirmed delays”

Sept. 7, 2020 – Australian Financial Review “Rio Tinto misleads parliamentary inquiry” and Mining Journal “Rio Tinto hired lawyers ahead of blast – Rio Tinto engaged law firm Ashurst to deal with any legal issues relating to its blast at Juukan Gorge”

Sept. 10, 2020 – Australian Financial Review “Rio Tinto dumped ‘unviable’ mine onto charities”

Sept. 11, 2020 – Australian Mining “Rio Tinto CEO steps down, executives axed”

Sept. 11, 2020 – Business & Human Rights Resource Centre “Rio Tinto CEO, top executives resign amid cave blast crisis”

Sept. 29, 2020 – BBC News “Rio Tinto: Mining giant accused of poisoning rivers in Papua New Guinea”

Oct. 12, 2020 – The Guardian “‘Devastated’ Indigenous owners say Rio Tinto misled them ahead of Juukan Gorge blast”

Oct. 16, 2020 – Pahrump Valley Times “Nonprofit pushes for monument status for Amargosa Basin.” The newly formed Friends of the Amargosa Basin was incorporated June 3, 2020. The articles of incorporation are signed by Susan Sorrells and filed by the California Secretary of State June 3, 2020. Sorrells is also the owner of Shoshone Village and Shoshone Development Inc. which is described as a serviced based, tourism driven store, motel and recreational vehicle park.

See last entry above.

Timeline under construction.  Please notify author on the website contact page for errors, omissions or suggestions.

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Timeline 1864 – 2018

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