Lithium Americas Thacker Pass

Update Jan. 28, 2021 – The United States Bureau of Land Management (BLM) released the Final Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) for Lithium Americas Corporation’s Thacker Pass lithium project in Nevada Jan. 15, 2021.

“The publication of the Final EIS is the culmination of more than a decade of work studying, exploring and developing the Thacker Pass project,” commented Jon Evans, President and CEO.

Lithium Americas also announced the closing of its underwritten public offering of shares of its common stock for gross proceeds to the company of approximately US$400 million. Work at the mine site is expected to begin the first quarter of 2021.

The approval of the Lithium Americas Thacker Pass project has also attracted the attention of environmental activists who have now established a protest at the site location.

On Friday, Jan. 15, two activists drove eight hours from Eugene, Oregon, to a remote corner of public land in Nevada, where they pitched a tent in below-freezing temperatures and unfurled a banner declaring: “Protect Thacker Pass.” You’ll be forgiven if you’ve never heard of the place—it’s seriously in the boonies—but these activists, Will Falk and Max Wilbert, hope to make it into a household name.

The protesters have also published a website detailing their cause and efforts called Protect Thacker Pass. The activity by the protesters has caught the attention of the media and the group has been interviewed on KPFA radio in Berkley, California as well as other environmental podcasts.

Jan. 25, 2021, the Sierra Nevada Ally published an opinion article by protester Max Wilbert “Green Lithium Mining is a Bright Green Lie. Dispatches from Thacker Pass.” Wilbert is listed as an organizer, writer, and wilderness guide and has been part of grassroots political work for nearly 20 years.

The Northern Nevada Business Weekly filed this report on the mine approval and protest occupation and the Reno Gazette Journal filed this report “Conservationists, energy producers clash over Nevada ‘clean energy’ lithium mine”.

Update Sept. 19, 2020 – The Sierra Nevada Ally published an article Aug. 28, 2020, recapping the status of Thacker Pass project. The report included the economic benefits of the project and that it has support from Nevada lawmakers.

The article also includes reaction from residents who are concerned about changes to the area and possible negative impacts to water and the environment. The Great Basin Resource Watch, a Nevada based nonprofit organization dedicated to the protection of the environment, also voiced their concerns.

The Elko Daily Free Press published an article Sept. 3, 2020, which also reported the concerns from local ranchers. Also reported is the relationship the parent company of the Thacker Pass project, Vancouver, Canada, based Lithium Americas, has with the Chinese based Gangfeng Lithium company.

Sept. 16, 2020, the Nevada Governor’s Office of Economic Development (GOED) announced that it approved abatements for Lithium Nevada Corporation’s Thacker Pass project.

GOED stated that Lithium Nevada Corp. is currently designing and permitting for the chemical manufacturing of high purity lithium chemicals as a byproduct of mineral processing in Thacker Pass in northern Humboldt County. The company will invest $514.3 million in the project, creating 113 jobs at an average wage of $37.84 per hour in the first two years of operation. Additionally, GOED estimates this will create more than 2,800 construction jobs. They received a 2% sales tax abatement for two years that is worth $5 million, a 50% modified busines tax abatement for four years that is worth $225,614 and a 50% personal property tax abatement for 10 years that is worth $3.38 million.

Posted July 30, 2020 – The Thacker Pass Project is located within the McDermitt Caldera in Humboldt County in northern Nevada, approximately 60 miles north of Winnemucca, approximately 20 miles northwest of Orovada, Nevada, and 20 miles south of the Oregon border. It is situated at the southern end of the McDermitt Caldera and encompasses approximately 8,320 acres.

Chevron began exploring the McDermitt Caldera in 1975 for uranium. Early in Chevron’s program, the United States Geological Survey alerted Chevron to the presence of irregular concentrations of lithium associated with the caldera. Chevron added lithium to its assays in 1978 and 1979, started a clay analysis program, and obtained samples for engineering work, while uranium remained the primary focus of exploration. Most of the project area was surveyed by airborne gamma ray spectrometry.

Between 1980 and 1987 Chevron began a drilling program that focused on lithium targets and conducted extensive metallurgical testing to determine the viability of extracting lithium from the clays. The results confirmed high lithium concentrations.

Chevron leased many of the claims that included the lithium to the J. M. Huber Corporation in 1986. In 1991, Chevron sold its interest in the claims to Cyprus Gold Exploration Corporation. In 1992, Huber terminated the lease. Cyprus Gold Exploration Corporation allowed the claims to lapse and provided much of the exploration data to one of the prior claim owners. Western Energy Development Corporation, a Nevada corporation, leased the claims in 2005 and was given access to the Chevron data and core samples that were available.

Between 2007 and 2011, Western Lithium USA Corporation conducted an exploration program that focused on the southern portion of the McDermitt Caldera. Of 232 drilled exploration holes, 198 cores were assayed. The results of the assay analysis indicated the presence of an anomalously high-grade lithium deposit. A survey was completed using a Trimble Global Positioning System and the  surface area was mapped by aerial photography.

The project has been in active development since 2008 and was operated by Western Lithium USA Corporation until 2015 when it merged with Lithium Americas Corporation. In March 2016, Western Lithium USA Corporation adopted the Lithium Americas Corporation name and renamed the Nevada-based subsidiary Lithium Nevada Corporation.

Lithium Nevada Corporation conducted an exploration program in 2017 to identify a resource of scale in the Thacker Pass area, where sage grouse habitat quality is substantially lower than in the Montana Mountains to the north. In Thacker Pass, 77 exploration holes were drilled, a seismic survey was conducted, and the surface geology of the project was remapped. The results indicated a larger lithium deposit than was previously identified.

The Thacker Pass project is 100% owned by Lithium Americas Corporation and there has been no commercial lithium production from the property. Through a subsidiary company, Lithium Americas Corporation does operate a hectorite clay mine on the property that produces hectorite clays for industrial purposes. The facility consists of a small open pit and small outbuilding.

Nov. 19, 2018, The Northern Miner reported Lithium Americas Thacker Pass deposit is the largest lithium clay project in the world with a mine life of 46 years. The company has just begun the permitting process and expects to start building the first phase of the project by the end of 2020, with lithium production beginning in 2022.

Aug. 30, 2019, Mining Technology reported that the Thacker Pass lithium project was one of the “Top ten biggest lithium mines in the world.” The article stated that mine is estimated to contain proven and probable reserves of 179.4Mt containing 3.1Mt of lithium carbonate equivalent and has an estimated mine life of 46 years. The pre-feasibility study was completed August 2018, which proposed the two-phase mine development using open-pit methods. Phase one is expected to be commissioned in 2022 with a production capacity of 30,000tpa of battery-grade material while phase two will increase the capacity to 60,000tpa with a commissioning date of 2026.

Lithium Americas Thacker Pass Project Plan of Operations was submitted to the Bureau of Land Management August 2019 and accepted September 2019. The Bureau of Land Management published a Notice of Intent to prepare an Environmental Impact Statement to analyze the proposed Thacker Pass Lithium Mine project in the Federal Register Jan. 21, 2020. The public scoping period opened Jan. 21, 2020, and closed Feb. 27, 2020.

Jan. 31, 2020, the Northern Nevada Business Weekly reported in the article “$1.3 billion Lithium Nevada project on track for 2020 milestones” that the Bureau of Land Management has started their 12-month approval process. If the project is approved the company projects operations will create approximately 1,000 jobs during construction of the $1.3 billon facility and will employ more than 285 people upon completion.

In recent company newsletters Lithium Americas reported that they have been running bulk ore through its new process research facility located in Reno, Nevada, since early 2019. The facility contains pilot-scale equipment representing key unit operations of the lithium extraction process. To date, over 20 tons of ore have been processed at the facility, generating essential data to be used for engineering and design of the full-scale plant.

Lithium Nevada maintains Thacker Pass project offices in Winnemucca and Reno, Nevada. The parent company, Lithium Americas, is headquartered in Vancouver, British Columbia.

July 29, 2020, the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) released a Draft Environmental Impact Statement (DEIS) analyzing the potential impacts of the proposed Thacker Pass Lithium Project. If approved, the project would develop lithium reserves within the Thacker Pass deposit, the largest and highest-grade known sedimentary deposit of this critical mineral in the United States, and the second largest in the world.

The BLM also published the Notice of Availability (NOA). The public comment period is open and will close Sept. 14, 2020. Public meetings for this project will be held Aug. 19 and 20 online through a webinar platform due to the VOVID-19 pandemic. Globe Newswire also published an article about the announcement.

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